Across the United States, Latinas have raised their personal standard of education but the gap still remains large. We’re completing Associates and earning Bachelor’s at a rate we’ve never achieved before, up by 6-8% points since 2012. We’re even taking seats as employees at big company names. Still—if we compare ourselves to all women of other non-Hispanic racial groups, Latinas are dangerously behind.
A poll in 2014 showed that less than 4 percent of Latinas completed a Master’s degree or higher by age 29 compared to nearly 5 percent of black, 11 percent of white, and 22 percent of Asian women.*
Given that higher education levels such as a graduate degree are tied to higher earning power, upward career mobility, and financial independence, less Latinas overall means limited opportunities for employment and moreover societal change.
Today you can walk into any corporation and find Latinas there, something that back in the early 90’s was hard to find. However, when you walk into the C-Suites or the Boardrooms, there is an obvious gap … You might find one Latina and that’s definitely a BIG maybe,” describes Luz Canino-Baker, President of Latinas On The Plaza, a non-profit organization.
Lack of Representation
Sadly, Corporate America is not the only pillar of society lacking of Latina representation—It’s showing up in almost every sector from academics, law, government, medical, finance, and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) related industries.
We know that currently one in four female students in public schools across the nation is a Latina. This number is expected to increase to nearly a third of the entire U.S. female population by 2060.*
Dr. Michelle Rivera believes that one of the major reasons Latinas settle for only an Associates or Bachelor’s degree is due to deeply embedded messages and unwritten family expectations of Latina households.
“There are very impactful and impressionable messages coming from the family unit. I feel like this weight especially gets thrown onto the eldest female in the family (who may have cared for younger siblings while in the home). The expectation is Latina family members should pursue a 2 or 4 year degree because that is somewhat of an accepted next step coming out of high school.”
Most Latinas are not receiving encouragement from their families to sacrifice additional time away from family to live independently, time away from making money, and time away from what should be the natural progression for a young Latina.
¿Cuando Te Vas A Casar y Tener Hijos? (When Are You Going To Get Married and Have Kids?)
Previous Latino generations created a cultural norm for Latinas to have one to two children by their early-mid twenties and perhaps even more heading into their 30s. “I think for a Latina to pursue a PhD, typically in their mid 20s and early 30s+ (something that can take anywhere between 5-7+ years) really bucks traditional and Latina/o family expectations that are embedded and also reinscribed by the generations before us.”
Against All Odds
Imagine a year-long program grounded in empirical data with unlimited access to two Latina PhD holders and two doctoral students in progress … It’s an extremely rare sight to see. However, in the Windy City, it exists. And Luz Canino-Baker, Founder of The Latinas Mastery Institute is leading its charge.
The Latinas Mastery Institute is comprised of educators who coach professional Latinas to rise to their highest level of achievement in leadership and philanthropy. Using the empirical evidence garnered from over 300 coaching sessions with professional Latinas over five years, executive coach, Luz Canino-Baker has tailored this culturally-relevant leadership program to meet the professional development needs of Latinas.
Providing What A Graduate Degree Cannot
The Latinas Mastery Institute teaches women how to deal with competition in the work place, unfair practices, the popular imposter syndrome, and how to overcome self-limiting behaviors. The curriculum was also devised under the guidance of Dr. Damary Bonilla-Rodriguez whose doctoral dissertation comprehensively analyzed the profile of Latina leaders across the United States. Dr. Michelle Rivera also provided insight based on her research of communication and Latina/o media.
Luz believes that while credentials must be solid— the Latina Mastery Institute provides the inspiration and cultural conversations to the forefront which includes pursuing a higher education degree and strengthening her chances to be a strong candidate. These things are not taught in the traditional classrooms in the U.S.
My ten years of experience working with professional Latinas tells me that these women need more and that something else is a cohort of like-minded women who they can talk too, and very tailored programs to know how to navigate the landscape to get ahead in the business world.
*Source: FULFILLING AMERICA’S FUTURE: LATINAS IN THE U.S., 2015 Patricia Gándara, Professor of Education, UCLA and Co-Director, The Civil Rights Project and The White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics